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Mushroom hunting in Italy

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PICKING WILD MUSHROOMS in ITALY🇮🇹

EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MUSHROOM HUNTING IN ITALY


Mappa Italia - Mushroom hunting in ItalyMushroom hunting in Italy, is a complete mushrooms-touristic guide which will drives you through the italian woods and forest.

Where to do Mushroom hunting, mushrooming, mushroom picking or mushroom foraging, as you prefer to say. This guide is divided into several chapters to make it easier to consult.

In this chapter: the italian woods and forests and the mushroom trees of Italy 

FEATURES OF ITALIAN WOODS

conifere_disegno

Probably though, many of you do not know that, not all the known mushrooms trees are associated to the same mushrooms everywhere in our planet.

That’s because many of those trees, which aren’t native one, aren’t mycorrhizal.

Some fungus/Mushrooms, grows in habitats with broad-leaved trees and shrubs or Conferous forests, forming symbiotic ectomycorrhizal associations in which the underground roots of these plants are enveloped with sheaths of fungal tissue hyphae.


idea icona-disegnoTips & Tricks to know about not native trees 

► 🌲While, Pinus strobus (commonly denominated the eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine, Weymouth pine (🇬🇧 British), and soft pine), is often associated to many variety of Fungi (e.g. Chanterelles), in Italy only few kind of mushroom are associated to this not native tree (generally planted to quickly reforest some bare and rocky territory).

Also the Pseudotsuga menziesii (commonly known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir and Oregon pine) is another not native tree.

Actually it is very common and not associated to some kind of Fungi, e.g. the Porcinis.

Here you can read a list of pines by region.

🌳 Another one is the Red Oak (Quercus rubra, commonly called northern red oak, or champion oak) whitch is going to be one of the most common not native tree.

This is another not mycorrhizal. In Italy the native one is the White Oak.


ABOUT MUSHROOMS GROWT IN ITALY – Mushrooms hunting in Italy

Weather conditions are the key factor in producing a good mushroom season, which requires a perfect combination of rain, sun, warmth and humidity.

You must know that the perfect temperature for fungi should be between 14~24°C. But some years it comes a tons of rainfall, in others very few.

Someone are therefore remembered, for generations afterward, for their abundance of mushrooms. Other years yield practically nothing, mostly for lack of rains.

2017 has been one of the worst.

Throughout the Italian peninsula, during the whole summer season there was a lack of rain at least 41% less than the rain normally expected and has been the second hottest summer season since 1800.

Not perfectly the best climate for the Mushrooms

There are species of mushrooms very common in some Italians regions and unknown in others, it is due to soils and climate.

Chestnut, Pine, Oak, Birchen and Beech forests, as well as the Mediterranean coastal forest (Mediterranean scrubs), are the ideal habitats for many of these fungi.

Porcini mushrooms (The ceps/Porsini) are the most sought after and appreciated in Italy.

Boletus pinophilus
Boletus pinophilus (Porcini, Ceps) – ph: Robin Cara

HOW MUCH FOREST IS THERE IN ITALY?

Map of Italian woods and forests
Map of Italian woods and forests
8,759,200 hectares of woods & forests which covers 29.1% of the entire national territory.

Hence the most densely wooded districts are Liguria and Trentino, with a coverage level of 62.6% and 60.5% respectively, while the less rich forests are Puglia (7.5%) and Sicily (10.0%).

  • 58% of the Italian forests are shrubs.
  • 66.1% of the High Woods is privately owned (mostly individual) and 33.8% is owned by the public.
  • Oak trees are 12.6%
  • Beech trees are 12%
  • woods of local types of Oak are 11.7%
  • all together exceeding one million hectares.

Among the Coniferous woods, the most common are Spruce woods (6.8%), Larch & pine woods (4.4%), Pine black & Loric (2.7%) then the Mediterranean Pinewoods are 2.6%.

WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON MUSHROOMS TREES IN ITALY, AND WHAT ARE THEY CALLED?

HERE YOU HAVE A COMPLETE LIST OF THE FUNGI-TREES YOU CAN FIND IN ITALY



THE ITALIAN FUNGI-TREES

ITALIAN NAMESCIENTIFIC OR LATIN NAMEMAIN ENGLISH NAMEOTHER NAMES
© Funghimagazine.it
AbeteAbiesFir
Abete biancoAbies albaSilver FirEuropean Silver Fir
Abete RossoPicea abiesSpruceNorway Spruce
Acacia o RobiniaRobinia pseudoacaciaFalse AcaciaBlack locust
AceroAcer pseudoplatanusSycamore Maple
AlloroLaurus nobilisLaurel treeBay-sweet bay, Bay Laurel
BetullaBetulaBirchSilver Birch
BiancospinoCrataegus monogyna or Crataegus oxyacanthaCommon HawthornMay, Mayblossom, Maythorn, Haw
Carpino BiancoCarpinus betulusHornbeam tree
Carpino NeroOstrya carpinifoliaHornbeam tree
CarruboCerotina siliquaCarob tree
CastagnoCastanea sativaSweet ChestnutChestnut
Ciliegio SelvaticoPrunus aviumWild cherrySweet cherry, Gean
CipressoCupressusCypressus
CorbezzoloArbustedo unedoStrawberry tree
Erica ArboreaErica arboreaTree HeathGiant Heather
FaggioFagusBeech
Farnetto - QuerciaQuercus frainettoItalian OakHungarian Oak
Farnia - QuerciaQuercus roburOak
FrassinoFraxinus excelsiorAshAsh tree
GelsoMorusMulberries
GineproJuniperus
Ippocastano o Castagno d'IndiaAesculus hippocastanumHorse Chestnut
LariceLarixLarch
Leccio - QuerciaQuercus ilexHolly OakHolm Oak, Evergreen Oak
LentiscoPistacia Lentiscus
MirtoMyrtus communisMirtle
NoccioloCorylus avellana Hazel
OlmoUlmusElm
Olmo MinoreUlmus minorField elm
OntanoAlnusAlder
OrnielloFraxinus ornusManna AshSouth European flowering ash, flowering ash
PadoPrunus padusBird CherryHackberry, Hangberry, Mayday tree
Pino Cembro o CirmoloPinus cembraSwiss PineArolla Pine, Austrian Pine
Pino d'AleppoPinus halepensisAleppo Pine
Pino del ColoradoPinus edulisColorado PinyonPynion Pine, Piñon
Pino Domestico o MarittimoPinus pineaStone PineItalian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine
Pino di DouglasPseudotsuga menziesiiDouglas FirOregon Pine
Pino LaricioPinus nigra laricioBlack Pine subsp. Laricio
Pino MugoPinus mugoCreeping PineDwarf Mountain Pine, White Pine
Pino NeroPinus nigraAustrian PineBlack Pine, Black Pine var. Italica
Pino SilvestrePinus sylvestrisScots Pine
Pino StroboPinus strobusSoftpineWheymouth Pine, Eastern White Pine, White Pine
Pioppo BiancoPopulus albaSilver PoplarAbele, White Poplar
Pioppo LombardoPopulus nigra italicaPoplarAspen, Cottonwood
Pioppo NeroPopulus nigraBlack Poplar
Pioppo TremuloPopulus tremulaCommon AspenQuacking Aspen, European Aspen
PlatanoPlatanus occidentalisSycamore
Platano OrientalePlatanus orientalisOriental SycamoreOriental Plane
PrugnoloPrunus spinosaBlackthornSloe
Quercia - CerroQuercus cerrisTurkey OakAustrian Oak
Quercia CocciferaQuercus cocciferaKermes Oak
Quercia dei PireneiQuercus pirenaicaPyrenean Oak
Quercia RossaQuercus rubraRed OakChampion Oak
Quercia RovereQuercus petraeSessile OakCornish Oak, Durmast Oak
Quercia RoverellaQuercus pubescensDowny OakPubescent Oak, White Oak
SaliceSalixWillow
SambucoSambucusElder
Sorbo degli UccellatoriSorbus aucupariaRowan
Sorbo MontanoSorbus ariaMountain AshMountain Rowan
TamericeTamarixSalt Cedar
TassoTaxusYewCommon Yew, European Yew
TiglioTiliaLimeLinden, Basswood
UlivoOlea europeaOlive tree



In the next chapters you will find a description of the best places where you can go mushrooming.

Parks, Reserves and Forests in Italy (Mushroom hunting in Italy) (very soon on-line).

Contacts

You can contact me in private, via email, for more information about Mushroom hunting in Italy.

Including information on locations where you can go for a short vacation, and go picking wild mushrooms.

Contact page

 

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