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PICKING WILD MUSHROOMS in ITALY🇮🇹
EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MUSHROOM HUNTING IN ITALY
Mushroom hunting in Italy, is a complete mushrooms-touristic guide which will drives you through the italian woods and forest.
Where to do Mushroom hunting, mushrooming, mushroom picking or mushroom foraging, as you prefer to say. This guide is divided into several chapters to make it easier to consult.
In this chapter: the italian woods and forests and the mushroom trees of Italy
FEATURES OF ITALIAN WOODS
Probably though, many of you do not know that, not all the known mushrooms trees are associated to the same mushrooms everywhere in our planet.
That’s because many of those trees, which aren’t native one, aren’t mycorrhizal.
Some fungus/Mushrooms, grows in habitats with broad-leaved trees and shrubs or Conferous forests, forming symbiotic ectomycorrhizal associations in which the underground roots of these plants are enveloped with sheaths of fungal tissue hyphae.
Tips & Tricks to know about not native trees
► 🌲While, Pinus strobus (commonly denominated the eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine, Weymouth pine (🇬🇧 British), and soft pine), is often associated to many variety of Fungi (e.g. Chanterelles), in Italy only few kind of mushroom are associated to this not native tree (generally planted to quickly reforest some bare and rocky territory).
Also the Pseudotsuga menziesii (commonly known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir and Oregon pine) is another not native tree.
Actually it is very common and not associated to some kind of Fungi, e.g. the Porcinis.
🌳 Another one is the Red Oak (Quercus rubra, commonly called northern red oak, or champion oak) whitch is going to be one of the most common not native tree.
This is another not mycorrhizal. In Italy the native one is the White Oak.
ABOUT MUSHROOMS GROWT IN ITALY – Mushrooms hunting in Italy
Weather conditions are the key factor in producing a good mushroom season, which requires a perfect combination of rain, sun, warmth and humidity.
You must know that the perfect temperature for fungi should be between 14~24°C. But some years it comes a tons of rainfall, in others very few.
Someone are therefore remembered, for generations afterward, for their abundance of mushrooms. Other years yield practically nothing, mostly for lack of rains.
2017 has been one of the worst.
Throughout the Italian peninsula, during the whole summer season there was a lack of rain at least 41% less than the rain normally expected and has been the second hottest summer season since 1800.
Not perfectly the best climate for the Mushrooms
There are species of mushrooms very common in some Italians regions and unknown in others, it is due to soils and climate.
Chestnut, Pine, Oak, Birchen and Beech forests, as well as the Mediterranean coastal forest (Mediterranean scrubs), are the ideal habitats for many of these fungi.
Porcini mushrooms (The ceps/Porsini) are the most sought after and appreciated in Italy.
HOW MUCH FOREST IS THERE IN ITALY?
8,759,200 hectares of woods & forests which covers 29.1% of the entire national territory.
Hence the most densely wooded districts are Liguria and Trentino, with a coverage level of 62.6% and 60.5% respectively, while the less rich forests are Puglia (7.5%) and Sicily (10.0%).
- 58% of the Italian forests are shrubs.
- 66.1% of the High Woods is privately owned (mostly individual) and 33.8% is owned by the public.
- Oak trees are 12.6%
- Beech trees are 12%
- woods of local types of Oak are 11.7%
- all together exceeding one million hectares.
Among the Coniferous woods, the most common are Spruce woods (6.8%), Larch & pine woods (4.4%), Pine black & Loric (2.7%) then the Mediterranean Pinewoods are 2.6%.
WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON MUSHROOMS TREES IN ITALY, AND WHAT ARE THEY CALLED?
HERE YOU HAVE A COMPLETE LIST OF THE FUNGI-TREES YOU CAN FIND IN ITALY
THE ITALIAN FUNGI-TREES
|ITALIAN NAME||SCIENTIFIC OR LATIN NAME||MAIN ENGLISH NAME||OTHER NAMES|
|Abete bianco||Abies alba||Silver Fir||European Silver Fir|
|Abete Rosso||Picea abies||Spruce||Norway Spruce|
|Acacia o Robinia||Robinia pseudoacacia||False Acacia||Black locust|
|Acero||Acer pseudoplatanus||Sycamore Maple|
|Alloro||Laurus nobilis||Laurel tree||Bay-sweet bay, Bay Laurel|
|Biancospino||Crataegus monogyna or Crataegus oxyacantha||Common Hawthorn||May, Mayblossom, Maythorn, Haw|
|Carpino Bianco||Carpinus betulus||Hornbeam tree|
|Carpino Nero||Ostrya carpinifolia||Hornbeam tree|
|Carrubo||Cerotina siliqua||Carob tree|
|Castagno||Castanea sativa||Sweet Chestnut||Chestnut|
|Ciliegio Selvatico||Prunus avium||Wild cherry||Sweet cherry, Gean|
|Corbezzolo||Arbustedo unedo||Strawberry tree|
|Erica Arborea||Erica arborea||Tree Heath||Giant Heather|
|Farnetto - Quercia||Quercus frainetto||Italian Oak||Hungarian Oak|
|Farnia - Quercia||Quercus robur||Oak|
|Frassino||Fraxinus excelsior||Ash||Ash tree|
|Ippocastano o Castagno d'India||Aesculus hippocastanum||Horse Chestnut|
|Leccio - Quercia||Quercus ilex||Holly Oak||Holm Oak, Evergreen Oak|
|Olmo Minore||Ulmus minor||Field elm|
|Orniello||Fraxinus ornus||Manna Ash||South European flowering ash, flowering ash|
|Pado||Prunus padus||Bird Cherry||Hackberry, Hangberry, Mayday tree|
|Pino Cembro o Cirmolo||Pinus cembra||Swiss Pine||Arolla Pine, Austrian Pine|
|Pino d'Aleppo||Pinus halepensis||Aleppo Pine|
|Pino del Colorado||Pinus edulis||Colorado Pinyon||Pynion Pine, Piñon|
|Pino Domestico o Marittimo||Pinus pinea||Stone Pine||Italian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine|
|Pino di Douglas||Pseudotsuga menziesii||Douglas Fir||Oregon Pine|
|Pino Laricio||Pinus nigra laricio||Black Pine subsp. Laricio|
|Pino Mugo||Pinus mugo||Creeping Pine||Dwarf Mountain Pine, White Pine|
|Pino Nero||Pinus nigra||Austrian Pine||Black Pine, Black Pine var. Italica|
|Pino Silvestre||Pinus sylvestris||Scots Pine|
|Pino Strobo||Pinus strobus||Softpine||Wheymouth Pine, Eastern White Pine, White Pine|
|Pioppo Bianco||Populus alba||Silver Poplar||Abele, White Poplar|
|Pioppo Lombardo||Populus nigra italica||Poplar||Aspen, Cottonwood|
|Pioppo Nero||Populus nigra||Black Poplar|
|Pioppo Tremulo||Populus tremula||Common Aspen||Quacking Aspen, European Aspen|
|Platano Orientale||Platanus orientalis||Oriental Sycamore||Oriental Plane|
|Quercia - Cerro||Quercus cerris||Turkey Oak||Austrian Oak|
|Quercia Coccifera||Quercus coccifera||Kermes Oak|
|Quercia dei Pirenei||Quercus pirenaica||Pyrenean Oak|
|Quercia Rossa||Quercus rubra||Red Oak||Champion Oak|
|Quercia Rovere||Quercus petrae||Sessile Oak||Cornish Oak, Durmast Oak|
|Quercia Roverella||Quercus pubescens||Downy Oak||Pubescent Oak, White Oak|
|Sorbo degli Uccellatori||Sorbus aucuparia||Rowan|
|Sorbo Montano||Sorbus aria||Mountain Ash||Mountain Rowan|
|Tasso||Taxus||Yew||Common Yew, European Yew|
|Ulivo||Olea europea||Olive tree|
In the next chapters you will find a description of the best places where you can go mushrooming.
Parks, Reserves and Forests in Italy (Mushroom hunting in Italy) (very soon on-line).
You can contact me in private, via email, for more information about Mushroom hunting in Italy.
Including information on locations where you can go for a short vacation, and go picking wild mushrooms.